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Understanding the different categories of water can help you be more prepared when your home requires water damage restoration. Because not all water is the same, it is important to know how to handle water damage from different sources, and what that could entail for your home’s restoration. Since most of us are not familiar with the different categories of water (or that there even are different categories), we are going to go through each one, what the different sources are, and what risks each one could bring to your home.
Let’s start with the worst case-scenario for water damage, which is category 3 water. More commonly referred to as ‘black water,’ category 3 water is grossly contaminated water that may contain harmful substances, microorganisms, and biohazardous materials. Sources of black water would include any external source like flood water from canals, streams, or rivers, weather-related flooding like from hurricanes or heavy rainstorms, overflow from toilet bowls containing feces, and seepage or backflow from the sewer line. Any and all contact with black water should be avoided at all costs as it can cause serious illness. Water damage restoration of black water is extensive, and requires specialized water extraction equipment, thorough disinfecting and sanitizing along with the standard drying process, and the use of air cleaners to ensure the area is safe and air quality is breathable, and risks from all contaminants are resolved.
Then there is category 2 water, or gray water. You can tell by the name that it is not as bad as black water, but still not any type of water you want to come into contact with. This category of water may still contain harmful bacteria and viruses, which means it could cause illness when in contact with it. Sources of gray water could include overflow from appliances like dishwashers, washing machines, and toilet bowls not containing feces. The first step of water damage restoration with this type of water is to stop the source of the water. Then, the affected area can be confined so water will not continue to spread. Once all the water has been extracted, then safe removal and disposal of damaged items can be performed so that the drying process can begin. Dehumidifiers are used to aid the drying process and remove any airborne moisture that may still contain contaminants from the area. Once the area is thoroughly dried, restoration and repairs can be completed and the home returned to its pre-loss condition.
We saved the best for last, although no water damage can be considered good. Category 1 water, or clean water, is the least risky and dangerous type of water making it the easiest to resolve. That being said, water damage even from clean water is still a major disaster and should be taken very seriously. If water damage even form clean water is not resolved as soon as possible, it will compound into bigger and more extensive problems. Sources of clean water come from sources that are deemed clean which include a leaky faucet or broken water supply line. While fairly straightforward, this type of water damage restoration still requires the source of water to be stopped so extraction can then occur. Once all the water has been removed, thorough drying needs to begin so that mold growth cannot ensue. Commercial-grade air movers and dehumidifiers are used to speed up the drying process and ensure no moisture is left behind. Then any necessary repairs or replacements can be made to get your home restored back to normal.
No matter what kind of water is damaging your Carmel home, water damage is serious and should be handled with care by experienced professionals. The restoration team at Total Restoration can take care of the job, leaving you feeling confident and at ease.